Examine the impact of acute changes in left heart strain and volumes with percutaneous edge-to-edge MitraClip repair on improvement in health status assessed using Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire-12 (KCCQ-12) score.
Changes in left atrial strain, left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (LVGLS), LV end-systolic volume (LVESV), and end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) were evaluated in 50 patients undergoing MitraClip repair for symptomatic primary mitral regurgitation (PMR) and secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR) on transthoracic echocardiography before and 1 month after MitraClip. Multivariable regression was used to evaluate changes in left heart strain and volumes as predictors of change in KCCQ-12 scores, adjusting for baseline clinical and echocardiographic characteristics.
Both PMR and SMR patients had significant increase in LVGLS and reduction in LVEDV and LVESV (P < 0.05) after MitraClip, reduction trend in left atrial conduit strain (PMR P = 0.053; SMR P = 0.12) but no significant change in LV ejection fraction. KCCQ-12 score improved significantly in both PMR (P < 0.001) and SMR cohorts (P < 0.001). Higher delta KCCQ-12 tertiles were associated with greater reduction in LVEDV (P = 0.022) after MitraClip. On multiple regression analysis, lower preprocedural Society of Thoracic Surgeons for Mitral Valve Replacement and KCCQ-12 score, and greater reduction in LVESV and left atrial strain conduit phase were associated with KCCQ-12 score improvement (P < 0.001).
There is a significant increase in LVGLS and reduction in LVEDV, LVESV and left atrial strain conduit after edge-to-edge MitraClip repair in both PMR and SMR. Lower preprocedural Society of Thoracic Surgeons for Mitral Valve Replacement and KCCQ-12 score, and greater reduction in LVESV and left atrial conduit strain were associated with KCCQ-12 score improvement after MitraClip. Further studies are warranted to understand the mechanism and significance of our findings.