ReviewsGender differences in cardiology: is it time for new guidelines?Sciomer, Susannaa; Moscucci, Federicaa; Dessalvi, Christian Cadeddub; Deidda, Martinob; Mercuro, Giuseppeb Author Information aDipartimento di Scienze Cardiovascolari, Respiratorie, Nefrologiche, Anestesiologiche e Geriatriche, Università di Roma ‘Sapienza’, Roma, Rome bDepartment of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, 09042 Monserrato, Cagliari, Italy Correspondence to Susanna Sciomer, MD, Dipartimento di Scienze Cardiovascolari, Respiratorie, Nefrologiche, Anestesiologiche e Geriatriche, Università di Roma ‘Sapienza’, Roma, Viale del Policlinico n.155, 00166 Rome, Italy Tel: +390649979036; e-mail: [email protected] Received 4 July, 2018 Accepted 25 August, 2018 Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine: December 2018 - Volume 19 - Issue 12 - p 685-688 doi: 10.2459/JCM.0000000000000719 Buy Metrics Abstract Despite cardiovascular disease (CVD) now being the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in women worldwide, this problem is still dramatically underestimated. The disparities in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis between men and women are rooted in basic biological differences, as well as in the complex interactions of cultural and socioeconomic problems. This is why an up-to-date and gender-based revision of current guidelines is highly desirable. © 2018 Italian Federation of Cardiology - I.F.C. All rights reserved.