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Visualization of atrial septal aneurysm and patent foramen ovale by three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography

Najib, Mohammad Q.; Ganji, Jhansi L.; Chaliki, Hari P.

Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine: December 2016 - Volume 17 - Issue - p e237–e238
doi: 10.2459/JCM.0000000000000164
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Transesophageal echocardiography is frequently performed for further evaluation of sources of embolism and better evaluation of atrial septum in patients with cerebral ishemic events. Although two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography can depict atrial septal aneurysm and patent foramen ovale, the full extent of the patent foramen ovale cannot be easily discerned in some cases. We describe a patient with transient cerebral ischemia where three-dimensional echocardiography provided incremental value when compared to two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in the assessment of atrial septal aneurysm and patent foramen ovale.

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA

Correspondence to Hari P. Chaliki, MD, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 13400 E Shea Blvd, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA Tel: +1 480 301 8000; fax: +1 480 301 8018; e-mail: chaliki.hari@mayo.edu

Received 11 September, 2013

Revised 5 May, 2014

Accepted 6 May, 2014

© 2016 Italian Federation of Cardiology. All rights reserved.