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Orthostatic hypotension: definition, diagnosis and management

Kanjwal, Khalil; George, Anil; Figueredo, Vincent M.; Grubb, Blair P.

Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine: February 2015 - Volume 16 - Issue 2 - p 75–81
doi: 10.2459/01.JCM.0000446386.01100.35
Narrative reviews: Hypotension and syncope

Orthostatic hypotension commonly affects elderly patients and those suffering from diabetes mellitus and Parkinson's disease. It is a cause of significant morbidity in the affected patients. The goal of this review is to outline the pathophysiology, evaluation, and management of the patients suffering from orthostatic hypotension.

aDivision of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institute, Baltimore, Maryland

bDivision of Cardiology, Heart and Vascular Institute, Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

cDivision of Cardiology, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, Ohio, USA

Correspondence to Khalil Kanjwal, MD, Heart and Vascular Institute, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA Tel: +1 4193405511; fax: +1 2154503781; e-mail:

Received 13 May, 2013

Revised 5 July, 2013

Accepted 3 August, 2013

© 2015 Italian Federation of Cardiology. All rights reserved.