GuidelinesItalian Cardiological Guidelines for Sports Eligibility in Athletes with Heart Disease Part 1Biffi, Alessandro; Delise, Pietro; Zeppilli, Paolo; Giada, Franco; Pelliccia, Antonio; Penco, Maria; Casasco, Maurizio; Colonna, Pierluigi; D’Andrea, Antonello; D’Andrea, Luigi; Gazale, Giovanni; Inama, Giuseppe; Spataro, Antonio; Villella, Alessandro; Marino, Paolo; Pirelli, Salvatore; Romano, Vincenzo; Cristiano, Antonio; Bettini, Roberto; Thiene, Gaetano; Furlanello, Francesco; Corrado, DomenicoAuthor Information aNational Italian Olympic Committee, Institute of Sports Medicine and Science, Rome bDepartment of Cardiology, Hospital of Conegliano, Conegliano cDepartment of Sports Medicine, Catholic University of Sacro Cuore, Rome dHealth Unit of Noale, Department of Sports Medicine, Noale eDepartment of Cardiology, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila fItalian Federation of Sports Medicine, Rome gDepartment of Cardiology, Lancisi Hospital, Ancona hDepartment of Cardiology, Monaldi Hospital, II University of Naples, Naples iHealth Unit of Sassari, Department of Sports Medicine, Sassari jDepartment of Cardiology, Hospital of Crema, Crema kDepartment of Cardiology, Hospital of Foggia, Foggia lDepartment of Cardiology, Hospital of Novara, Novara mCardiology Unit, Hospital of Cremona, Cremona nNational Association of Extra-Hospital Cardiology oRehabilitation Unit, Hospital of Mezzolombardo, Mezzolombardo pDepartment of Cardiovascular Pathology, University of Padua Medical School, Padua qElectrophysiologic and Arrhythmia Unit, Institute of San Donato, Milan rDivision of Cardiology, University of Padua Medical School, Padua, Italy Correspondence to Dr Alessandro Biffi, Institute of Sports Medicine and Science, Largo P. Gabrielli 1, 00196, Rome, Italy E-mail: [email protected] Received 18 April, 2012 Accepted 12 January, 2013 Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine: July 2013 - Volume 14 - Issue 7 - p 477-499 doi: 10.2459/JCM.0b013e32835f6a21 Buy Metrics Abstract In Italy the existence of a law on health protection of competitive sports since 1982 has favored the creation and the revision of these cardiological guidelines (called COCIS), which have reached their fourth edition (1989–2009). The present article is the second English version, which has summarized the larger version in Italian. The experience of the experts consulted in the course of these past 20 years has facilitated the application and the compatibility of issues related to clinical cardiology to the sports medicine field. Such prolonged experience has allowed the clinical cardiologist to acquire knowledge of the applied physiology of exercise and, on the other hand, has improved the ability of sports physicians in cardiological diagnostics. All this work has produced these guidelines related to the judgment of eligibility for competitive sports in the individual clinical situations and in the different cardiovascular abnormalities and/or heart disease. Numerous arguments are debated, such as interpretation of the athlete's ECG, the utility of a preparticipation screening, arrhythmias, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathies, arterial hypertension, ischemic heart disease and other particular issues. © 2013 Italian Federation of Cardiology. All rights reserved.