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Cardiovascular magnetic resonance in the evaluation of heart failure: a luxury or a need?

D’Andrea, Antonello; Fontana, Marianna; Cocchia, Rosangela; Scarafile, Raffaella; Calabrò, Raffaele; Moon, James C.

Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine: January 2012 - Volume 13 - Issue 1 - p 24–31
doi: 10.2459/JCM.0b013e32834e4ad4
Clinical reviews: Diagnostic tools in cardiology

Heart failure is a common syndrome with multiple causes. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), using the available range of technique, is establishing itself as the gold standard noninvasive test for determining the underlying causes, and adding prognostic value, guiding therapy. Progress is continuing and rapid with promising new techniques such as diffuse fibrosis assessment. This article discusses the diverse roles of CMR in heart failure.

aMonaldi Hospital, Second University of Naples, AORN Ospedali dei Colli, Naples, Italy

bHeart Hospital Imaging Centre, Heart Hospital

cInstitute of Cardiovascular Sciences, UCL, London, United Kingdom

Correspondence to Antonello D’Andrea, MD, Via Michelangelo Schipa 44, 80122 Naples, ItalyTel: +39 081 706 4150; fax: +39 081 714 5205; e-mail:

Received 14 October, 2011

Accepted 18 October, 2011

© 2012 Italian Federation of Cardiology. All rights reserved.