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Cardiac tamponade: a rare complication of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome

Fernandez, Antonio B; Ahmed, Shafeeq; Duncan, Brett; Firshein, Stephen; Kluger, Jeffrey

Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine: February 2009 - Volume 10 - Issue 2 - p 188–191
doi: 10.2459/JCM.0b013e32831cf005
Case reports
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Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (IHES) is a rare systemic disease with multiple clinical presentations including cardiac, pulmonary and dermatologic manifestations. Little is known about the pathophysiology and potential triggers of this condition. Approximately 40–70% of these cases have cardiac involvement, which is the major cause of morbidity and mortality. Cardiac tamponade is a rare but serious complication of IHES. Herein, we report a patient with IHES who presented with cardiac tamponade. To the authors' knowledge, this is the second case of cardiac tamponade in adults with IHES reported in the medical literature.

aSection of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, USA

bDivision of Cardiology, USA

cDivision of Hematology and Oncology, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Received 12 February, 2008

Revised 15 August, 2008

Accepted 9 October, 2008

Correspondence to Antonio B. Fernandez, MD, Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA Tel: +1 203 785 4114; fax: +1 203 937 3884; e-mail: Antonio.fernandez@yale.edu

© 2009 Italian Federation of Cardiology. All rights reserved.