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Team Approach: Treatment of Injuries in the Female Athlete

Multidisciplinary Considerations for Women’s Sports Medicine Programs

Tanaka, Miho J., MD1; Szymanski, Linda M., MD, PhD1; Dale, John L., PT, ATC1; Dixit, Sameer, MD1; Jones, Lynne C., PhD1

doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.18.00011
Team Approach Review Articles
Supplementary Content

  • * Women’s sports medicine programs are gaining interest throughout the United States. Despite growing interest in the topic, we continue to have limited knowledge about the epidemiology, etiology, and long-term outcomes of treatment of injuries in female athletes.
  • * Currently, no sex-specific differences in the perioperative treatment of female athletes exist.
  • * The role of a team approach to treat and prevent injuries in female athletes extends beyond the single episode of perioperative care. Athletic trainers can extend the scope of outreach and education for female athletes.
  • * Postoperative counseling for female athletes may have a role in addressing psychological barriers during recovery and return to play.
  • * The role of hormones and considerations in the treatment of injuries in pregnant athletes should be addressed in collaborative women’s sports medicine programs.

1Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (M.J.T., S.D., and L.C.J.), Gynecology and Obstetrics (L.M.S.), and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (J.L.D.), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

E-mail address for M.J. Tanaka:

Investigation performed at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

Disclosure: The authors obtained no specific source of funding for this work. The Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest forms are provided with the online version of the article (

Copyright © 2019 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
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