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Nonoperative Treatment of Medial Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries in the Throwing Athlete

Indications, Evaluation, and Management

Kadri, Omar M., MD1; Okoroha, Kelechi R., MD1; Patel, Ravi B., MD1; Berguson, Jon, BS2; Makhni, Eric C., MBA, MD1; Moutzouros, Vasilios, MD1

doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.18.00031
Review Articles
Supplementary Content

  • * Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries are common in overhead throwing athletes, particularly baseball players. Appropriate diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation are important in order for athletes to return to their preinjury condition.
  • * Many patients, including the noncompetitive athletes and those with partial ligament tears, benefit from nonoperative treatment. Elite athletes desiring a return to play benefit from UCL reconstruction.
  • * Rest, anti-inflammatory drugs, focused physical therapy, and biologic adjuncts are options that may allow athletes to return to play while avoiding the morbidity associated with operative treatment.

1Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan

2Wayne State Medical School, Detroit, Michigan

E-mail address for O.M. Kadri:

Investigation performed at Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan

Disclosure: There was no funding for this review article. The Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest forms are provided with the online version of the article (

Copyright © 2019 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
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