1Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care (P.J., M.L.G.M., and K.J.B.) and Value Institute for Health & Care (P.J.), Dell Medical School at The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
2The Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY
E-mail address for P. Jayakumar: firstname.lastname@example.org
E-mail address for M.L.G. Moore: email@example.com
E-mail address for K.J. Bozic: firstname.lastname@example.org
Investigation performed at the Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care and the Value Institute for Health & Care, Dell Medical School at The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
Disclosure: There was no source of external funding for this study. On the Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest forms, which are provided with the online version of the article, one or more of the authors checked “yes” to indicate that the author had a relevant financial relationship in the biomedical arena outside the submitted work (http://links.lww.com/JBJSREV/A463).