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Instructions for Authors

Revised August 11, 2021

All manuscripts must be submitted online via Editorial Manager at:


JBJS Reviews publishes thorough and critical online reviews of existing clinical and scientific knowledge on topics of interest and importance to orthopaedic surgeons. JBJS Reviews will only publish manuscripts that achieve the highest levels of quality, accuracy, and clarity.

JBJS Reviews is currently indexed in MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, CrossRef, and Portico. It has also been accepted for indexing in the Emerging Sources Citation Index by Thomson Reuters and will also be indexed in the Web of Science.

Articles submitted to JBJS Reviews undergo double-blinded peer review, with the Editorial Office removing all author and institution identifiers before sending papers to reviewers.

Conditions for Submission
Submission Overview
Manuscript Structure
What to Expect After Submission
Public Access Policy
Open Access Option
Embargo Policy for Accepted Manuscripts
Appeals Process
Supplementary Links

Conditions for Submission

  • Articles are accepted for exclusive publication in JBJS Reviews. Previous presentation at a scientific meeting, and/or publication of the abstract in conjunction with the meeting, does not preclude publication of the article; however, this information must be disclosed in a cover letter at the time of submission. Previously published articles, including those published in non-English-language journals, are not accepted. JBJS Reviews does not accept manuscript submissions involving human subjects (or their medical records) that have been previously posted to preprint servers.
  • Published articles and illustrations become the property of The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
  • Patient confidentiality must be protected according to the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). See our complete Ethics Policy for additional information.
  • Authors have an obligation to cooperate in relation to allegations of misconduct.
  • If requested by the Editor, authors must make the tabulated raw data that forms the basis of their work available for examination in a timely fashion.

Submission Overview

Authors should, in general, follow the ICMJE's "Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals."

All manuscripts must be submitted through Editorial Manager (a web-based service). Corresponding authors must register via and will then receive an e-mail containing a Username and Password that will allow access for manuscript submission. If you currently have a JBJS Editorial Manager username and password, these will also give you access to the JBJS Reviews site.

Authors should register with ORCID and include their ORCID identifier in their Editorial Manager profile. Authors can obtain this identifier through Editorial Manager when they submit their article and, beginning on January 1, 2017, it will not be possible to submit an article without such identifier.

JBJS Reviews does not consider manuscript proposals or abstracts submitted online or via e-mail. If you are interested in publishing a supplement, please contact [email protected].

The following items must be submitted:

  1. Title Page including (1) article title, (2) authors' names, in the order in which they should appear, and academic degrees, (3) institution(s) at which the work was performed, (4) institution (and city and state or country) with which each author is affiliated, and (5) corresponding author and his/her e-mail address.
  2. Manuscript Text: See "Manuscript Structure" below.
  3. Copyright Transfer and Author Agreement: All authors must sign a Copyright Transfer and Author Agreement granting JBJS, Inc. exclusive copyright to all material, except for previously copyrighted items (see #5 below) and video. Authors can maintain the copyright to videos but must complete the Video License Agreement granting JBJS, Inc. unlimited license to use the video online.
  4. Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest: Authors must complete an ICMJE Conflict of Interest Statement form for each submitted manuscript. Each author must submit a separate ICMJE form. JBJS Reviews will post the forms online and summarize them in a statement in the article. The ICMJE forms have no bearing on the decision to accept a manuscript.
  5. Permission to Use Figures, Tables, and Videos Owned by Another Party: Authors are responsible for obtaining permissions. Provide (1) a full citation for the previous publication and (2) a letter from the owner of the copyright granting permission for JBJS Reviews to reproduce the copyrighted material OR a completed permissions form stating the date when permission was requested and the approximate date when the permission is expected to be received.

Manuscript Structure

All manuscripts must conform to the following formatting instructions:

  • File format: Microsoft Word
  • Word count: Maximum, 4,000 words (excluding references and figure legends)
  • Line spacing: Double-spaced
  • Font: Times New Roman (size 12)
  • Page layout: Manuscript title included at the beginning of the first page with continuous line numbering down left side of page

JBJS Review, Critical Analysis Review, and Systematic Review articles
should consist of the following elements:

  1. Take-Home Points or Structured Abstract: For JBJS Review and Critical Analysis Review articles, this section should provide 3 to 5 bulleted statements summarizing the most important, substantive, and useful points for readers to take away from the article. For Systematic review articles, this section should include a complete structured abstract consistent of the following sections: Background, Methods, Results, Conclusions, and Level of Evidence. For Systematic Review articles, authors should consult the May 2021 JBJS Editorial on Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews.
  2. Body: The body should consist of a comprehensive, objective, and critical overview that is based almost exclusively on information that has been published in peer-reviewed reports. Authors are expected to present all sides of controversial issues in an even-handed manner. The review should thoroughly describe the mechanisms of injury and disease, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Proprietary product names should be avoided whenever possible. Use appropriate subheadings as needed.
  3. Source of Funding: Include a brief statement explaining the role of the funding source for the study (if none, or if funding source did not play a role in investigation, that should be stated).
  4. References: A reference section, in PubMed/Index Medicus format, must be included after the manuscript text. Number the references according to the order of citation in the text (not alphabetically), and cite all references in the text. Papers posted on preprint servers may not be used as references. Refer to our Reference Formatting Guidelines for additional guidance. Notice that journal citations must include all authors (not "et al.") and complete page numbers (not just the first page), per journal style.
  5. Figure Legends: Figure legends must be included at the end of the manuscript text file, after the References section, for all images. Explain what each figure shows. Identify machine settings for magnetic resonance images, and give the magnification of all photomicrographs. Define all arrows and other such indicators appearing on the figure.
  6. Tables and Figures: Tables and figures must be labeled individually and submitted as separate electronic files. Tables must be submitted in their original file format (Word or Excel) and not as graphics files. Figures must be submitted in TIFF or EPS format. No more than a total of 8 tables and figures may be submitted. Cite all tables and figures, in order, in the text. See Guidelines for Figures for detailed instructions.
    • Recommendations for Care Table: At the discretion of the Editor, certain review articles will be selected to include a Critical Analysis component. Such articles typically include clinical care recommendations. Authors of Critical Analysis Review articles must make their recommendations explicit in a standard format. Authors should base their recommendations on a complete evaluation of appropriate literature. Support for recommendations regarding treatment, diagnosis, or prognosis are based on JBJS Levels of Evidence. Levels of Evidence ratings for multiple studies addressing a clinical care recommendation must be summarized with use of Grades of Recommendation in a separate table titled "Recommendations for Care."
  7. Videos: Videos must be uploaded to the Video Submissions Site according to our Author Video Guidelines. Instructions for upload can be found here.

Team Approach articles highlight the multi-disciplinary nature of patient care by presenting an example clinical scenario and incorporating the viewpoints of key medical professionals on diagnosis and treatment (e.g., orthopaedic and PM&R physicians, neurosurgeons, chiropractors, athletic trainers, physical therapists, etc.). A balanced, unbiased diagnosis and treatment recommendation from each specialist should be presented in a logical sequence that reflects both the continuity of care as well as the overarching theme of collaboration among all parties. The overall structure of the submission should be as follows:

  • Abstract (325 words or less)
  • Introduction
  • Clinical Scenario
  • Team Approach (with subsections for each involved clinician)
  • Discussion/Conclusions
  • References

The guidelines for references, tables, figures, and videos described above also apply to Team Approach articles.


  • Effective January 1, 2018, each author must indicate his/her contributor roles on the "Add/Edit/Remove Authors" screen in Editorial Manager in accordance with the CRediT Taxonomy initiative.
  • Each author must have contributed significantly to, and be willing to take public responsibility for, one or more aspects of the study: its design, data acquisition, and analysis and interpretation of data. All authors must have been actively involved in the drafting and critical revision of the manuscript, and all must provide final approval of the version to be published. If a research group is designated as the author of an article, see our Group Authorship instructions for guidance.
  • Individuals who have contributed to only one section of the manuscript or have contributed only cases should be credited in an acknowledgment footnote. See the ICMJE author definitions page for additional guidance regarding authors and non-author contributors.
  • A non-author writer who is employed by a commercial organization must be mentioned, along with the name of his or her employer, in an acknowledgment footnote. The non-author writer must also submit a Conflict of Interest Statement.
  • The order of names reflects only the preference of the authors and the corresponding author is not designated in the final published version of an article. Any change in authorship after the initial review process necessitates a signed letter, generally from all authors, agreeing to the change.
  • JBJS prefers not to publish equal contribution statements or denote first and/or senior authors. Although we do occasionally allow it regarding first and second authors, we do not to expand this practice to more than 2 authors.

What to Expect After Submission

  • Manuscripts are generally evaluated by the JBJS editorial staff and are assigned to the Editor of JBJS Reviews, who then sends the paper to consultant reviewers.
  • If a reviewer has a conflict of interest regarding the subject matter of a manuscript, he/she discloses this to the Editor, who makes the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of the manuscript. The Editor has no known conflicts or competing interests.
  • If reviewers disagree regarding acceptance of a manuscript, the decision may be arbitrated at a workshop, which JBJS holds several times a year.
  • The corresponding author is informed of the publication date of an accepted manuscript approximately 6 weeks before publication.

Public Access Policy

To enable authors to comply with the requirements of outside funding bodies, JBJS, Inc. will deposit, into the PubMed Central (PMC) Archive, the final published version of any article funded by a body requiring such deposit. Thus, authors should identify on the Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) whether their article is based on research funded in whole or in part by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), Wellcome Trust, Research Councils UK (RCUK), or another funding agency requiring deposit to a repository. JBJS, Inc., as a service to its authors, will then identify these articles to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and transmit them to PMC. PMC will make these articles freely available after an embargo period that satisfies the funding agency's requirements (or immediately upon publication if the author chose the open-access option). JBJS, Inc. will not be held responsible for retroactive deposits to PMC if the author has not identified the funding agency on the CTA form.

Open Access Option

JBJS, Inc. offers a hybrid open-access option to authors who want readers around the globe to have free, perpetual, unrestricted online access to their article on the JBJS Reviews web site immediately upon publication. Authors are offered this option after their article has been accepted for publication to ensure that their choice has no influence on the peer-review or acceptance process. All articles submitted to JBJS Reviews are subjected to our standard peer-review process and are accepted or rejected on the basis of their merit only.

Authors retain copyright for all articles published with the open-access option. Authors grant JBJS, Inc. and its publishing partner Wolters Kluwer the exclusive license to publish the article and to identify themselves as the original publisher. The Wolters Kluwer Open Access License Agreement (the "Open Access License") supersedes and replaces Section 1.a of the JBJS Reviews Copyright Transfer and Author Agreement signed by authors (on manuscript submission), for authors who later choose the open-access option (on acceptance). The License to Publish only needs the signature of the Corresponding Author. Open-access articles are published under the terms of the standard Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial-NoDerivatives International (CC BY-NC-ND) license, or, if mandated by the authors' funding body, the Creative Commons Attribution International (CC BY) license, both of which permit copying and redistribution of the material in any medium or format.

The article processing charge for the open-access option is $2,800 (CC BY-NC-ND license) or $3,375 (CC BY license, which is offered only to authors who have received funding that mandates the CC BY license). The publication fee is charged on acceptance of the article and must be paid in full within 30 days by credit card by the author, funding agency, or institution.

For more information, please see our FAQs.

Embargo Policy for Accepted Manuscripts

Specific information contained in your article cannot be discussed with the media, published, posted online, or otherwise placed in the public domain until after publication. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that all coauthors are aware of this policy. See our Confidentiality and Embargo Policy for additional information regarding this policy, including exceptions.

Appeals Process

JBJS conducts workshops several times per year during which contested decisions may be arbitrated. An author who wishes to appeal a decision should contact [email protected] within 30 days of the final decision with a detailed letter that explains the reason for the appeal. This letter will considered by the Editor, and the author will be notified of the final decision. Decisions on appeals are final, without exception. Priority is given to new submissions, so the appeal process may take longer than the original submission process.

Supplementary Links

Ethics Policy
Grades of Recommendation
Level of Evidence
Guidelines for Figures
Author Video Guidelines
Reference Formatting Guidelines
Group Authorship Guidelines
Confidentiality and Embargo Policy
Hybrid Open Access FAQ


Copyright Transfer Form
Conflict of Interest Form
Video License Agreement
Figure Permissions Form
Open Access License Agreement (open-access option only)