Total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) with cementless fixation have been studied in multiple series with varying success. The aim of this study was to prepare a systematic review of the literature to evaluate clinical outcomes and revtpdelision rates of patients undergoing contemporary cementless TKA.
A search of PubMed and MEDLINE was conducted for English-language articles published between 2005 and 2018 to identify studies examining survivorship and clinical outcomes of cementless TKAs. Studies that reported clinical and/or radiographic outcomes were included. Data collected included the number of TKAs, implant utilized, primary diagnosis, mean age and follow-up, implant survivorship, complications, revisions, and clinical outcome scores. All hybrid constructs and revision TKAs were excluded. Poisson regression analysis was used to determine the revision incidence rates per 1,000 person-years.
Forty-three studies with 10,447 TKAs met inclusion criteria, of which 8,187 were primary cementless TKAs. The mean follow-up was 7 years. The revision incidence per 1,000 person-years was 4.8 for all cementless designs. The complication rate for all cementless TKAs was 6%, with deep venous thrombosis being the most common complication. The mean postoperative Knee Society Score and Functional Score were 92 and 83, respectively.
While newer-generation cementless designs have shown improved survivorship and clinical outcomes compared with earlier-generation cementless designs, the literature for cementless designs remains limited when compared with cemented designs. Further studies are needed to determine if cementless TKA can achieve the same benefits that have been realized with cementless total hip arthroplasty.
Level of Evidence:
Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.