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Treatment of Patellar Fractures and Injuries to the Extensor Mechanism of the Knee: A Critical Analysis Review

Bui, Christopher N., MD1; Learned, James R., MD1; Scolaro, John A., MD, MA1,a

doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.17.00172
Review Articles with Critical Analysis Component
Disclosures

  • * Patellar fractures occur as a result of a direct blow to the knee and/or as a result of tension when the forces generated between the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon overcome the strength of the bone.
  • * Patellar fractures that include a functional disruption to the extensor mechanism should be treated with stable open reduction and internal fixation.
  • * If necessary, partial (or, rarely, complete) excision of the patella can be performed to provide a stable extensor mechanism repair.
  • * Acute quadriceps and patellar tendon ruptures, if complete, require primary repair.
  • * Delayed intervention for any complete extensor mechanism disruption may result in the need for reconstruction, augmentation, or advanced techniques to facilitate early motion.

1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Irvine, Orange, California

aE-mail address for J.A. Scolaro: jscolaro@uci.edu

Copyright © 2018 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
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