Frequently Asked Questions About JBJS/Wolters Kluwer (WK) Open Access

What is open access?
Free, immediate, online access for any user, web‐wide, to digital scientific and scholarly material, primarily research articles published in peer‐reviewed journals.

What is the hybrid model?
The hybrid model is when a journal has a combination of open-access and subscription articles. Authors who choose open access pay an article processing charge for the article to be immediately accessible online, at no cost to the user, at the time of publication. The author retains copyright of the article. Open-access articles are subject to the same peer-review process as any article in that journal.

What is the payment for?
The payment of the article processing charge means that the article will be freely available online in perpetuity. The payment covers copy‐editing, production/layout, and hosting of the article.

Is it possible to get a discount or a waiver on the article processing charge?
No. If a discount or waiver is needed the article can go through the normal publication route and be published and accessible as subscription content.

Are the peer-review and production processes for open-access articles the same as those for articles accessible by subscription or pay per view?

How will I know if an article is open access?
Articles that are open access have the OPEN icon next to them.

When will an author be given a choice to publish a paper open access?
After the article has been accepted. At that time, an author electing the open-access option will complete and sign the Wolters Kluwer Open Access License Agreement (the "Open Access License") and pay the applicable open-access article processing charge.

Who can request an article to be open access?
Only an author of the manuscript, and the funders of the published work with the express written permission from the author, can request an article to be open access.

Should authors still sign the Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA)?
Upon submission, the authors must sign the standard JBJS CTA. The CTA contains provisions that state that if the article is accepted, and the author chooses the open-access option, the author will be required to sign the Open Access License and upload that form to the JBJS manuscript submission system. The article will then be published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial-NoDerivatives International (CC BY-NC-ND) license or the Creative Commons Attribution International (CC BY) license, as designated in the Open Access License.

What is a Creative Commons License?
Articles published as open access will be freely available to be read, downloaded, and shared from the time of publication. The Creative Commons license allows readers to disseminate and reuse the article as well as share and reuse the scientific material. It does not permit commercial exploitation (or, in the case of the CC BY-NC-ND license, the creation of derivative works), without specific permission. Under the terms of any of these licenses, the reuse of an article requires proper attribution of the original work. Whether reusing, displaying, or reposting an article, the user must attribute the article to the original author.

The standard license used for articles is the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) license, which allows readers to disseminate and reuse the article. This license does not permit reuse for any commercial purposes nor does it permit the reuse or modification of individual elements of the work (such as figures, tables, etc.) in the creation of derivative works without specific permission. Certain funding bodies require the less restrictive Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use (including creating derivative works), distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Authors who are employees of the World Health Organization (WHO) may publish under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution IGO (CC BY IGO) license.

Can open-access articles be posted to a personal website or institutional repository?

Will open-access articles be deposited in PubMed Central?
Yes, and they will be available immediately upon publication on the JBJS website.

Do I have to choose open access to comply with National Institutes of Health (NIH) or other funders' public access policies?
JBJS/WK ensures that authors can fully comply with the mandates of funding bodies that require or request authors to submit their article to a repository that is accessible online to all without charge.

Authors are NOT required to pay for open access unless their funding body requires, or they themselves desire, readers to have immediate free access to their article upon publication and deposit to PubMed Central with no embargo period , in which case they will be required to pay the article processing charge. Authors who are funded by bodies that allow an embargo period do not need to pay an article processing charge.

Authors should identify on the Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) whether their article is based on research funded in whole or in part by the NIH, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, RCUK, Wellcome Trust, or another funding agency requiring deposit to a repository. JBJS/WK, as a service to its authors, will then identify these articles to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and transmit them to PubMed Central. PubMed Central will make these articles freely available—immediately upon publication if the author chose the open-access option or, if not, after an embargo period that satisfies the funding agency's requirements. JBJS will not be held responsible for retroactive deposits to PubMed Central if the author has not identified the funding agency on the CTA form.

How can I find out about the open-access mandates of different funding bodies?
A summary of the requirements of different funding bodies, and links to their open-access policy pages, can be found here.

How do authors pay the article processing charge?
Payment of the article processing charge is completed by visiting Upon entering the site for the first time, authors will be prompted to create a user ID and password.

Can institutions or other third parties pay on an author's behalf?
Yes. Please visit

How does JBJS ensure that the peer-review process is not biased?
All articles undergo the standard JBJS peer-review process. Authors are given the option to make an article open access only after the article has been accepted.

Will open-access articles be indexed in the same manner as non-open-access articles in JBJS?
Yes. The article is part of the regular journal issue and will be included by the same abstracting and indexing services that include non-open-access JBJS articles.

My article has already been published; can I make it open access?
Yes. Authors who would like to make their previously published article open access should contact the JBJS editorial office.

I have other questions; who can I contact?
For any questions, please contact the JBJS editorial office.