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Top 10 Tips for Peer Review

  1. Focus on the content of the paper.  Follow the Reviewer Guidelines and ignore minor grammar errors and typos; these will be addressed by our experienced copyeditors. A line-by-line edit is not necessary.
  2. Be constructive. Provide helpful feedback and suggestions for the authors and avoid harshly negative or disparaging comments.
  3. Be aware of conflicts. Disclose any potential conflicts of interest to the editor in the Comments to Editor section when submitting your review or ask to be recused from the review if you feel that your evaluation may be substantially biased (this will not reflect negatively on your reviewer performance).
  4. Give yourself time to review. Respond to invitations in a timely manner and allocate time to complete the review. Schedule time to review on your calendar. 
  5. Keep the process confidential. Do not sign your reviews or reveal your identity to the authors in your comments.
  6. Do not share or act on study findings. Because articles may change substantially during the peer review process, do not share findings or incorporate them into your clinical practice until post-publication.
  7. Blind authors to your grade. As the editor's final grade/decision may differ from yours, submit any comments regarding the specific letter grade that you've given the paper in the Comments to Editor section instead of the Comments to Author section.
  8. Submit a clean review. Write the review in Word or a similar program before copying and pasting it into the submission system. Be sure to run spellcheck on your review beforehand and use proper capitalization.
  9. Keep your profile up-to-date. Periodically check your reviewer profile to ensure that your classifications are accurate. Enter in unavailable dates as needed.
  10. Be prepared to review revisions. If the authors are asked to revise their paper, you will likely be invited to review their revised manuscript to assess how your concerns have been addressed.