​Article Type Definitions

Use the following table to classify your article on submission.

Manuscript Article TypeDefinitionSpecial NotesSubmission Fee
ClinicalArticles reporting clinical research involving patient care (the majority of studies published by JBJS).If three or fewer patients are described, refer to the section on Case Reports below.Yes
ResearchTypically, articles reporting basic-science research (e.g., biomechanics studies, animal and in vitro studies, growth factor research, and stem cell studies)."Clinical" and "Research" article types are collectively referred to as scientific studies by JBJS.Yes
Evidence-Based Systematic ReviewMeta-analyses or systematic literature reviews that conform to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) Statement criteria.Meta-analyses must review at least 3 Level-I or II studies. Topics covered in systematic reviews must not have been published previously in a peer-reviewed journal in the past 5 years. The data sources must be described in the manuscript.Yes
Topics in TrainingArticles on subjects involving medical students, residents, or fellows, including Board, in-training, and other examinations. No
Orthopaedic ForumRefer to JBJS Editorial at http://journals.lww.com/jbjsjournal/Fulltext/2000/03000/The_Orthopaedic_Forum_An_Opportunity_to_Exchange.1.aspx and past examples of published Orthopaedic Forums. Topics in this section vary widely.Abstract is optional.No
EthicsArticles on topics of ethical interest in the orthopaedic community.In lieu of an abstract, provide a brief clinical scenario that depicts the topic of your article at the beginning of the paper.No
Current Concepts ReviewInvited articles providing a concise, thorough review of the current literature on a specific topic.E-mail a detailed 1 to 2-page proposal with title, author list, topic outline, and references to editorial@jbjs.org if you wish to submit a Current Concepts Review.No

Discontinued Article TypesDefinitionSpecial Notes
Case ReportClinical reports describing unusual or rare findings in up to three patients.Case Reports are no longer published in JBJS. Submit to JBJS Case Connector instead.
Letter to the EditorFeedback on published articles.Click on the eLetters tab for a given article online to provide your comments. Once reviewed and posted by JBJS, these will be sent to the article authors for reference and potential response.