Lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an excellent option to alleviate disability and restore function in patients with lateral compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of the present study was to determine the survivorship and long-term outcomes in both younger/middle-aged and older patients with lateral compartment OA following non-robotically-assisted, fixed-bearing lateral UKA and to determine if an acceptable symptom state can be achieved.
All patients were managed with fixed-bearing lateral UKA by a single surgeon utilizing a lateral parapatellar approach without robotic assistance. The primary outcome variables were the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Sport subscale scores. In addition, the other KOOS subscores, the Lysholm score, the achievement of the Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS), and the Veterans RAND (VR-12) Physical Component Summary score (PCS) and Mental Component Summary score (MCS) were collected. Failure was defined as conversion to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Patients were divided into 2 cohorts: younger/middle-aged patients (<60 years of age) and older patients (≥60 years of age).
A cohort of 256 patients underwent medial (n = 193) or lateral (n = 63) UKA. Sixty-one patients met the inclusion criteria. At mean of 10 years (range, 4 to 17 years) of follow-up, there were no significant differences between the groups in terms of any patient-reported outcome measures (p > 0.05). The percentage of patients in whom PASS was achieved on the KOOS ADL and Sport subscores was 82% and 88%, respectively, in the younger cohort and 80% and 80%, respectively, in the older cohort. The mean survival estimate of the prothesis was 15.3 years (95% confidence interval [CI], 14.5 to 16.2 years) for the entire cohort. The estimated rate of implant survival in the younger cohort was 100% at 5 and 10 years, and the estimated rate of implant survival in the older cohort was 98% at 5 years and 96% at 10 years.
Lateral fixed-bearing, non-robotic UKA for the treatment of isolated lateral compartment OA resulted in >80% of patients reaching an acceptable symptom state in terms of both activities of daily living and sporting activities. UKA provides an excellent option that provides longevity with high PASS rates and return to activities with a low risk of complications and failure.
Level of Evidence:
Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.