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Excessive thoracic lordosis and loss of pulmonary function in patients with idiopathic scoliosis

Winter, RB; Lovell, WW; Moe, JH

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Idiopathic thoracic lordoscoliosis is more common and more productive of respiratory compromise than is kyphoscoliosis. In some patietns with idiopathic scoliosis, thoracic lordosis is the predominant component of the disease. Five such patients, all of whom had idiopathic scoliosis with excessive thoracic lordosis, progressive deformity despite Milwaukee brace treatment, and significant compromise of pulmonary function, are presented. Harrington instrumentation (distraction rod only) and spine fusion improved the deformity and respiratory function. The recommended treatment for this type of idiopathic scoliosis is early recognition and prompt surgical correction. The Milwaukee brace should be avoided. Postoperative management must include early ambulation combined with vigorous breathing exercises.

Copyright © 1975 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
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