Congenital torticollis is a deformity not commonly met with in the general practice of medicine. The deformity is characterized by a practically painless, contracted cordlike sternocleidomastoid muscle, which pulls the head toward the side affected, narrows and draws the shoulder upward, forcing the chin in the opposite direction. The etiologic factor appears to be trauma at or preceding birth. Permanent deformity may be prevented by early treatment. The treatment is surgical and retentive apparatus is advisable (Fig. 3). [SEE FIG 3 IN SOURCE PDF.]
SECTION ON ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY, MAYO CLINIC, ROCHESTER, MINN.