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Vitamin D in Children and Adolescents

Are the Needs More Than Skin Deep?

Lazar, Katie, PAS-III1; Bolander, Sarah, PA-C, MMS2

JBJS Journal of Orthopaedics for Physician Assistants: April-June 2018 - Volume 6 - Issue 2 - p e12
doi: 10.2106/JBJS.JOPA.17.00037
Review Article

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is necessary for calcium absorption and bone health. Current research on vitamin D levels links decreased vitamin D synthesis with children spending less time in the sun and increasing sunscreen use. At least 14% of children in the United States have an insufficient or deficient level of vitamin D. The risks of vitamin D deficiency include rickets and osteomalacia. Suboptimal levels of vitamin D in adolescents lead to an increase risk of fractures. Vitamin D guidelines vary, and recommendations are controversial. In general, the current literature supports vitamin D supplementation for children and adolescents to improve overall bone health.

1Midwestern University, Glendale, Arizona

2Cactus Pediatric Orthopedics, Scottsdale, Arizona

Copyright © 2018 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
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