We describe the clinical and histopathological findings associated with a case of pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) after revision total hip arthroplasty. The patient developed an expanding purple-red, necrotic, ulcerative lesion at the surgical site, which was initially suspected to be either a surgical-site infection or warfarin-induced skin necrosis. After treatment with empiric intravenous antibiotics, surgical debridement, and vacuum-assisted closure of the wound, the patient had a painless hip with a remodeled scar and was asymptomatic at the seven-year follow-up.
Confirmation of the diagnosis of surgical-site PG requires clinical-pathological correlation and familiarity with the PG skin lesion. Treatment of PG differs from treatment of infection; therefore, misdiagnosis and surgical treatment may exacerbate the clinical findings in PG.