A 1-week-old female patient presented to our clinic with bilateral dislocated hips and was subsequently treated in a Pavlik harness. Harness treatment failed requiring a closed reduction and spica cast application. In the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU), the patient was found to have a right humerus fracture. Six weeks after cast application, the patient was found to have nondisplaced bilateral femur fractures prompting a genetics evaluation. The patient was subsequently found to have osteogenesis imperfecta type 3.
Perioperative fractures in pediatric patients should raise suspicion for osteogenesis imperfecta. Early diagnosis can improve the management of hip dysplasia and allow for early bisphosphonate therapy.