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Failure and Fatigue Fracture at the Femoral Stem-Metaphyseal Sleeve Junction in a Modular Knee Prosthesis

A Case Report

Christiner, Tom, MBBS1,a; Pabbruwe, Moreica B., BEng, PhD1; Kuster, Markus, MD, PhD, FRACS2,3,4

doi: 10.2106/JBJS.CC.17.00320
Case Reports
Disclosures

Case: A 66-year-old active man had undergone revision total knee replacement surgery with a femoral metaphyseal sleeve and a cemented stem in 2013 after loosening of the implant following the primary knee arthroplasty. He was overweight and had a high activity level, and there had been progressive osteolysis surrounding the distal aspect of the femoral sleeve. In 2017, the metaphyseal sleeve had loosened, resulting in corrosion of the threaded taper and catastrophic failure of the implant, with a fracture of the stem at the junction of the sleeve.

Conclusion: This unique method of failure in this knee implant highlights a weak point in the design. Clinicians must be aware of the increased likelihood of this type of failure with these implants in patients who have contributory factors.

1Department of Medical Engineering and Physics, Centre for Implant Technology and Retrieval Analysis, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia

2Perth Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Centre, West Perth, Western Australia, Australia

3The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia

4Curtin University, Bentley, Western Australia, Australia

aE-mail address for T. Christiner: tom.christiner@gmail.com

Copyright © 2018 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
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