Asthma is a heterogeneous chronic airway disease which may reduce capability for physical activity. In healthy peers, physical activity is influenced by psychosocial and socioeconomic factors. Knowledge about the role of these factors has not been mapped in children and adolescents with asthma.
The main objective of this scoping review was to identify psychosocial and socioeconomic factors associated with physical activity level in children and adolescents with asthma in the literature. The specific objectives were to map the instruments used to measure these factors, report on the construction and validation of these instruments, map psychosocial and socioeconomic issues related to physical activity level reported in qualitative studies, and identify gaps in knowledge about the relationship between psychosocial and socioeconomic factors and physical activity level in children and adolescents with asthma.
Children and adolescents with asthma aged six to 18 years.
Psychosocial and socioeconomic factors related to physical activity level and participation.
All physical activity contexts.
Quantitative and qualitative primary studies in English, with no date limit.
The databases searched included nine major databases for health and sports science, and five databases for unpublished studies. After screening and identification of studies, the reference lists of all identified reports were searched, and forward citation searches were conducted using four databases.
The following data were extracted: (a) relevant study characteristics and assessment of physical activity level, (b) instruments used to assess psychosocial and socioeconomic factors, (c) association between physical activity level and these factors, (d) construction and validation of instruments, and (e) psychosocial and socioeconomic issues related to physical activity participation.
Twenty-one quantitative and 13 qualitative studies were included. In cross-sectional studies, enjoyment, physical self-concept, self-efficacy, attitudes and beliefs about physical activity and health, psychological distress, health-related quality of life, and social support were more often reported as being correlated with physical activity level. In three studies, the construct validity was assessed by factor analysis and construct reliability tests for the study population. Qualitative studies reported 10 issues related to physical activity participation, and capability and being like peers were most commonly reported. There was no direct evidence that qualitative research informed the development or adjustment of instruments in quantitative studies.
Seven psychosocial factors correlated with physical activity level; capability and being like peers were the most commonly reported issues. Reports of the construction and validation of instruments were sparse.
1Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway
2Clinical Research Unit, Randers Regional Hospital, Randers, Denmark
3Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
4Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
5Section of Nursing, Department of Public Health, Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
6Department of Coaching and Psychology, Norwegian School of Sports Science, Oslo, Norway
7Danish Centre of Systematic Reviews: a Joanna Briggs Institute Center of Excellence, The Center of Clinical Guidelines – Clearing house, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
8Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodo, Norway
9Department of Pediatrics, Sørlandet Hospital, Kristiansand, Norway
Correspondence: Thomas Westergren, email@example.com
There is no conflict of interest in this project.