The objective of this meta-synthesis study was to describe the nature of the experience of adult ventilator-dependent patients.
This review considered studies utilized qualitative methods to examine the experience of adult with ventilator. The phenomena of interest were experiences of patients who were treated with ventilator for both short term and long term in ICU settings or home settings. The research was limited to studies published in Chinese or in English language.
The searching strategy sought to find both published and unpublished studies. The CINAHL, PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Chinese Periodicals Index and JIB website were used to search the articles. The preliminary keywords were drawn from the natural language terms of the topic, in the title, abstract and subject descriptors.
Each paper was assessed independently by two reviewers for methodological quality. The Joanna Briggs Institute's Qualitative Assessment and Review Instrument were used to appraisal the methodological quality of the articles. Any disagreements that arose between the reviewers were resolved through discussion with a third reviewer.
Qualitative research findings were pooled and the data analysis process involved synthesizing findings to generate a set of statements that represent the nature of the experiences of ventilator-dependent adult patients. The categories and themes/meta-syntheses were emerged from the analysis process.
A total of 997 papers were identified from various database and hand searches. Nineteen papers were critically appraised and 15 met inclusion criteria. Four papers were excluded because they did not meet the inclusion criteria. Five themes/meta-syntheses emerged from the analysis: 1). The feelings of fear due to being dependent on ventilator and the loss of control of life, 2). Disconnection with reality, 3). Impaired embodiment (body image and body boundary), 4). Construction of coping patterns, 5). Trust and caring relationship.
The five themes/meta-syntheses derived from the review represent the patients' experiences in regarding the threatening of the integrity of self, self-other and self-environment relationships, the coping patterns and resilient resources to maintain their self-identify and the meaning of life. These findings also illustrate the resiliency factors for those patients to cope with this stressful situation.
Implications for practice
The implications to practice include enhancing the trust relationship with health professionals, as well as the nursing actions prior to suction, during the suction procedure and post suction in related to release their psychological distress and empower their resilience factors was suggested.
Implications for further research
Furthermore, the further research could focus on the development and implementation of support programs for the patients, families, and health professionals, as well as the research regarding the reduction of psychological distress and empower the coping patterns.