PDF OnlyA randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of cyclosporine in steroid-resistant idiopathic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in children.Lieberman, K V; Tejani, A Author Information Jack and Lucy Clark Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN 7(1):p 56-63, January 1996. | DOI: 10.1681/ASN.V7156 Free Metrics Abstract There is no generally accepted treatment for primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Steroids alone and steroids plus cyclophosphamide can be expected to induce a remission of the proteinuria in only 27% of patients. Probably the majority of FSGS patients will reach ESRD over the extended course of their disease. In addition to the work presented in this study, there have been many reports of the potential effectiveness of cyclosporine (CSA) on reducing the proteinuria of FSGS. This study was undertaken to test the efficacy and safety of a 6-month course of CSA in a double-blinded, prospectively randomized, placebo-controlled trial in children with corticosteroid-resistant FSGS. The potential inhibitory effect of hypercholesterolemia on the proteinuria-reducing actions of CSA was also assessed. Twenty-five patients with FSGS were randomized to receive either placebo or CSA for 6 months. Twelve of the 12 patients that received CSA experienced a diminution of their proteinuria as opposed to only two of the 12 placebo-treated patients. Proteinuria was significantly reduced from 151.7 +/- 162.4 mg/kg per 24 h at Week 0 to 36.9 +/- 42.3 at the end of the study in the group that received CSA (P < 0.05). There was no significant change in the proteinuria of the patients in the placebo group. A significant correlation between the percentage change of proteinuria over the 6 months of the study and the prestudy serum cholesterol levels (r = 0.79, P < 0.05) was seen in the CSA group. A partial correlation analysis controlling for the effects of serum cholesterol uncovered a significant relationship between average CSA level and proteinuria change (r = -0.76, P < 0.05). The fractional decline in GFR over the course of the study was not significantly different between the CSA and placebo-treated groups. In conclusion, CSA reduces proteinuria, increases serum albumin levels, and can be expected, therefore, to reduce the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome. Hypercholesterolemia antagonizes this effect of CSA. Copyright © 1996 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.