Journal Article: PDF OnlyPotassium supplementation attenuates experimental hypertensive renal injury.Ellis, D; Banner, B; Janosky, J E; Feig, P U Author Information Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, PA. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN 2(10):p 1529-1537, April 1992. | DOI: 10.1681/ASN.V2101529 Free Metrics Abstract The long-term roles of dietary sodium and potassium on the renal end-organ damage of hypertension were investigated in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats. Eight rats from each strain were maintained since 1 month of age on one of four dietary combinations of either low (0.4%) or high (6.0%) NaCl and low (0.51%) or high (7.6%) KCl providing sodium/potassium molar ratios of 1:1, 1:15, 15:1, and 15:15, respectively. Urinary sodium/potassium excretion ratios confirmed the proportion of salts consumed. Systolic blood pressures (SBP) were similar at 5 months of age and at the completion of the study at 9.5 months; SBP was significantly higher in SHR than in WKY rats and was not attenuated by dietary potassium supplementation of a magnitude that raised plasma potassium concentrations. Albumin excretion rate (AER) was also higher in SHR than in WKY rats (P less than 0.0001). In SHR, AER rose further with high sodium intake (P less than 0.035) but, contrary to SBP, was ameliorated by an equimolar addition of potassium (P less than 0.01). Morphologic lesions were generally absent in WKY rats and were more common in SHR as a group (P less than 0.001). In all four SHR groups, the graded histopathologic injury correlated well with measured AER but a major improvement in hypertensive renal lesions occurred largely in the KCl-supplemented, salt-loaded SHR group. These results show a disassociation between the effects of dietary monovalent cations on the level of SBP and their effect on renal injury. Sodium aggravates renal injury and potassium protects against this renal effect of sodium independent of SBP effect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Copyright © 1992 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.