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Empowerment as a Predictor of HIV Testing Among Married Women in Nepal

Thapa, Roshna MSN, RN; Yang, Youngran PhD, MPH, RN*; Kang, Jeong Hee PhD, MSN, RN; Nho, Ju-Hee PhD, MSN, RN

Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: September-October 2019 - Volume 30 - Issue 5 - p 563–574
doi: 10.1097/JNC.0000000000000021
Research Article
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We examined the association of women empowerment and HIV testing in Nepalese women. Data from the 2012 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey provided a sample of 6,579 females ages 15–49 years. Women empowerment subcategories included participation in decision making, attitudes about safer sex negotiation, and sexual autonomy. Only 454 participants (6.9%) had been tested for HIV. Of note, 41.3% had high participation in decision making, 84.5% showed positive attitudes about safer sex negotiation, and 71.8% scored high in sexual autonomy. After adjusting potential confounders, the odds of being tested were higher for women with positive attitudes about safer sex negotiation (adjusted odds ratio = 1.444, 95% confidence interval: 1.006–2.072, p = .046) and high sexual autonomy (adjusted odds ratio = 3.138, 95% confidence interval: 1.375–7.164, p = .007). Age, education, and wealth were independent factors determining the women's HIV testing approach. Our study can be a guide for interventions and policies to empower women and encourage HIV testing in Nepal.

Roshna Thapa, MSN, RN, is a Research Assistant, School of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. Youngran Yang, PhD, MPH, RN, is an Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. Jeong Hee Kang, PhD, MSN, RN, is an Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. Ju-Hee Nho, PhD, MSN, RN, is an Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.

Corresponding author: Youngran Yang, e-mail: youngran13@jbnu.ac.kr

Sponsorships or competing interests that may be relevant to content are disclosed at the end of this article.

© 2019 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
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