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Development of a Question Prompt List for Patients Living With HIV and Assessment of Their Information Needs

Kim, Gwang Suk PhD, RN; Choi, Jae-Phil MD; Yi, Jeong Min MSN, RN*; Shim, Mi-So MPH, RN

Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: September-October 2019 - Volume 30 - Issue 5 - p 575–583
doi: 10.1097/JNC.0000000000000080
Research Article

A question prompt list (QPL) is an efficient method to facilitate patient active participation and communication by providing patients with questions to ask their health care providers. We developed a QPL based on the information needs of patients living with HIV in Korea. A mixed method study design was used, involving five sequential steps: literature review, focus group interview with experienced nurses, in-depth interviews with patients, expert reviews, and a survey of 170 patients. A QPL with 27 questions was developed through literature reviews and expert reviews, and 12 questions were identified based on the Borich needs assessment model. Questions included items regarding diagnosis and prognosis, medication, depressive symptoms, sexual relationships, and family and social life. Our findings suggest that a QPL should be used as a tool to encourage effective communication for patients living with HIV.

Gwang Suk Kim, PhD, RN, is a Professor, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Jae-Phil Choi, MD, is a Physician, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Jeong Min Yi, MSN, RN, is a PhD Candidate, Korea Armed Forces Nursing Academy, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. Mi-So Shim, MPH, RN, is a Doctoral Student, Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Corresponding author: Jeong Min Yi, e-mail:

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea under the grant number NRF-2015R1D1A1A01057423 (PI: G. S. Kim).

Sponsorships or competing interests that may be relevant to content are disclosed at the end of this article.

© 2019 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
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