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A Pilot Health Improvement Project for HIV Prevention in Black College Women

Chandler, Rasheeta PhD, RN, FNP-BC, FAANP*; Ross, Henry MSPH; Paul, Sudeshna PhD; Shittu, Adedoyin MSPH; Lescano, Celia PhD; Hernandez, Natalie PhD; Morrison-Beedy, Dianne PhD, RN, WHNP-BC, FNAP, FAANP, FAAN

Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: July-August 2019 - Volume 30 - Issue 4 - p 474–487
doi: 10.1097/JNC.0000000000000058
Research Article

A disproportionate number of new HIV infections in the United States occur in Black women. We pilot-tested feasibility and acceptability of a manualized HIV prevention intervention developed with and for Black college women. We used a prospective, randomized 2-group design, with 3 data collection times. Participants included 18- to 24-year-old Black women (N = 65), who were enrolled at 2 southern universities; 46 completed pre- and post-assessments. We found that participants in the intervention arm had positive changes in HIV knowledge (p < .0001) and behavioral intentions (p = .039) outcomes. There were, however, no significant differences between intervention and control groups when considering motivational factors and behavioral skills that promoted HIV prevention: social norms, condom use self-efficacy, and assertive sexual communication. We found preliminary evidence of efficacy for an HIV prevention intervention tailored to Black college women. Researchers should partner with Black college women to develop and implement HIV prevention interventions.

Rasheeta Chandler, PhD, RN, FNP-BC, FAANP, is an Assistant Professor, Emory University, Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Henry Ross, MSPH, is a Research Program Director, Rochester University, Rochester, New York, USA. Sudeshna Paul, PhD, is an Assistant Professor, Emory University, Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Adedoyin Shittu, MSPH, is a Research Assistant, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA. Celia Lescano, PhD, is an Associate Professor, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA. Natalie Hernandez, PhD, is an Assistant Professor, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Dianne Morrison-Beedy, PhD, RN, WHNP, FNAP, FAANP, FAAN, is the Chief Talent & Global Strategy Officer and Centennial Professor of Nursing, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Corresponding author: Rasheeta Chandler, e-mail:

Sponsorships or competing interests that may be relevant to content are disclosed at the end of this article.

© 2019 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
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