In the United States, nearly 500,000 men who have sex with men (MSM) are at risk of contracting HIV. Men who have sex with men constitute 70% of all new cases of HIV in the United States; within this population, the incidence of HIV infection is the highest among Black MSM. Our integrated review synthesized published behavioral interventions designed to enhance the uptake of and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the prevention of HIV in the Black MSM population. A search of 4 electronic databases revealed only 7 studies whose samples included Black MSM. Adherence to PrEP medication declined over time across all studies. No statistically significant changes in safer sexual behaviors were reported. Few studies described theory-driven interventions. Effective interventions are needed to enhance the uptake of PrEP and to reinforce behaviors that prevent HIV transmission among Black MSM.
Laura Remy, MPH, BSN, RN, is a PhD Student and NINR T32 Fellow in Nursing, University of Missouri, Sinclair School of Nursing, Columbia, Missouri, USA. Maithe Enriquez, PhD, APRN, FAAN, is an Associate Professor of Nursing, University of Missouri, Sinclair School of Nursing, Columbia, Missouri, USA.
Corresponding author: Laura Remy, e-mail: RemyL@missouri.edu
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