FeatureMaternal HIV, Substance Use Role Modeling, and Adolescent Girls' Alcohol UseCederbaum, Julie A. PhD, MSW, MPH; Guerrero, Erick G. PhD; Barman-Adhikari, Anamika PhD, MSW; Vincent, Carol A. PhD, RN, CRNPAuthor Information Julie A. Cederbaum, PhD, MSW, MPH, is an Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA. Erick G. Guerrero, PhD, is an Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA. Anamika Barman-Adhikari, PhD, MSW, is an Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, USA. Carol A. Vincent, PhD, RN, CRNP, is a Nurse Practitioner at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and an Adjunct Assistant Professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: May 2015 - Volume 26 - Issue 3 - p 259-270 doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2014.11.005 Buy Metrics Abstract Parental role modeling has a major influence on adolescent alcohol use. Our study examined maternal factors associated with daughters' alcohol use among inner-city racial minority adolescents of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected mothers. A nonprobability sample of 176 mothers (37% with HIV) and their adolescent daughters completed self-administered surveys. Between- and within-group analyses were conducted using hierarchical multivariate logistic regressions. Findings showed that in the full sample, difficulty talking with daughters about alcohol was positively associated with alcohol use among daughters, whereas maternal report of importance of religion was negatively associated with alcohol use among daughters. Within-group analysis of participants by maternal HIV status revealed that maternal beliefs that drinking alcohol in front of their daughters was normative were associated with higher odds of adolescent alcohol use in households with HIV-infected mothers. These preliminary findings highlight the potential increased vulnerability of racial minority adolescent girls living in households with HIV-infected mothers. © 2015Elsevier, Inc.