FeatureA Cross-Sectional Description of Age and Gender Differences in Exercise Patterns in Adults Living With HIVWebel, Allison R. RN, PhD; Barkley, Jacob PhD; Longenecker, Chris T. MD; Mittelsteadt, Alison MS, RD; Gripshover, Barbara MD; Salata, Robert A. MD Author Information Allison R. Webel, RN, PhD, is an Assistant Professor, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Jacob Barkley, PhD, is an Associate Professor in Exercise Science, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, USA. Chris T. Longenecker, MD, is an Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Alison Mittelsteadt is a Registered Dietician, University Hospitals, Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Barbara Gripshover, MD, is Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Robert A. Salata, MD, is a Professor of Medicine and Chair of the Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: March 2015 - Volume 26 - Issue 2 - p 176-186 doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2014.06.004 Buy Metrics Abstract People living with HIV (PLWH) are living longer and are at greater risk for chronic comorbidities (e.g., cardiovascular disease, cancer) compared to those not living with HIV. Regular, sustained exercise can prevent and/or mitigate the severity of these comorbidities. Our purpose was to describe patterns of planned exercise implemented in the home setting (i.e., free-living exercise) in PLWH by gender and age. PLWH (n = 102) completed a sociodemographic survey and a 7-day exercise diary documenting daily exercise duration, frequency, and intensity. Women exercised an average of 2.4 (interquartile range [IQR] 0.5–6.0) hours per week compared to men, who exercised 3.5 (IQR 0.5–7.5) hours per week (p = .18). This relationship was particularly evident during middle adulthood for women versus for men (p = .05). PLWH exercised regularly but at less than recommended levels. This is among the first evidence describing free-living exercise patterns of PLWH. © 2015Elsevier, Inc.