*Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA
†Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
‡Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
§Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
‖W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD
¶Department of Pathology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL
#Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Graduate School of Public Health and Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
**Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA
This work was supported by grants from the NIH (K07-CA-140360), UCLA AIDS Institute, UCLA Center for AIDS Research (AI28697), and the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center (CA016042).
The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Data in this article were collected by the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) with centers at Baltimore (U01-AI35042): The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health: J.B.M. (PI), Todd Brown, Barbara Crain, Adrian Dobs, Homayoon Farzadegan, Lisette Johnson-Hill, Sean Leng, Cynthia Munro, Michael W. Plankey, Ned Sacktor, Jennifer Schrack, Chloe Thio; Chicago (U01-AI35039): Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, and Cook County Bureau of Health Services: S.M.W. (PI), John P. Phair, Sheila Badri, Maurice O'Gorman, David Ostrow, Frank Palella, Ann Ragin; Los Angeles (U01-AI35040): University of California, UCLA Schools of Public Health and Medicine: R.D. (PI), O.M-M. (Co-PI), Aaron Aronow, Robert Bolan, Elizabeth Breen, Anthony Butch, Beth Jamieson, Eric N. Miller, John Oishi, Harry Vinters, Dorothy Wiley, Mallory Witt, Otto Yang, Stephen Young, Z-F.Z.; Pittsburgh (U01-AI35041): University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health: C.R.R. (PI), Lawrence A. Kingsley (Co-PI), James T. Becker, Ross D. Cranston, Jeremy J. Martinson, John W. Mellors, Anthony J. Silvestre, Ronald D. Stall; and the Data Coordinating Center (UM1-AI35043): The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health: L.P.J. (PI), Alvaro Munoz (Co-PI), Alison, Abraham, Keri Althoff, Christopher Cox, Jennifer Deal, Gypsyamber D'Souza, Priya Duggal, Janet Schollenberger, Eric C. Seaberg, Sol Su, Pamela Surkan. The MACS is funded primarily by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), with additional co-funding from the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Targeted supplemental funding for specific projects was also provided by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), and the National Institute on Deafness and Communication Disorders (NIDCD). MACS data collection is also supported by UL1-TR000424 (JHU CTSA). Website located at http://www.statepi.jhsph.edu/macs/macs.html. The contents of this publication are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).