HIV prevention cascades can assist in monitoring the implementation of prevention methods like preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). We developed 2 PrEP cascades for Australia's primary HIV-affected population, gay and bisexual men.
Data were drawn from 2 national, repeated, cross-sectional surveys (the Gay Community Periodic Surveys and PrEPARE Project). One cascade had 3 steps, and the other had 7 steps. Trends over time were assessed using logistic regression. For the most recent year, we identified the biggest drop between steps in each cascade and compared the characteristics of men between the 2 steps using multivariate logistic regression.
Thirty-nine thousand six hundred and seventy non–HIV-positive men participated in the Periodic Surveys during 2014–2018. PrEP eligibility increased from 28.1% (1901/6762) in 2014 to 37.3% (2935/7878) in 2018 (P < 0.001), awareness increased from 29.6% (563/1901) to 87.1% (2555/2935; P < 0.001), and PrEP use increased from 3.7% (21/563) to 45.2% (1155/2555; P < 0.001). Of 1038 non–HIV-positive men in the PrEPARE Project in 2017, 54.2% (n = 563) were eligible for PrEP, 97.2% (547/563) were aware, 67.6% (370/547) were willing to use PrEP, 73.5% (272/370) had discussed PrEP with a doctor, 78.3% (213/272) were using PrEP, 97.2% (207/213) had recently tested, and 75.8% (157/207) reported reduced HIV concern and increased pleasure because of PrEP. The break point analyses indicated that PrEP coverage was affected by geographical availability, education level, employment, and willingness to use PrEP.
PrEP eligibility, awareness, and use have rapidly increased among Australian gay and bisexual men. The cascades identify disparities in uptake by eligible men as a result of socioeconomic factors and PrEP's acceptability.