Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has contributed to a decrease in AIDS-related morbidity and mortality. This study used population-based AIDS surveillance data to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of HAART use among persons with AIDS in San Francisco. Use of HAART among persons living with AIDS increased from 41% in 1996 to 72% in 1999. Fourteen percent of persons diagnosed with AIDS between 1996 and 1999 initiated HAART before their AIDS diagnosis. Use of HAART before an AIDS diagnosis increased from 5% in 1996 to 26% in 1999. In the multivariable analysis, African Americans, injection drug users, and those without insurance at the time of AIDS diagnosis were less likely to use HAART before AIDS diagnosis. Delayed initiation of HAART after AIDS was more likely to occur among African Americans, injection drug users, homeless persons, those with public insurance, and those with higher CD4 counts. Although the overall prevalence of HAART use was high, disparity in use of HAART existed by race and risk group, patient's insurance status, and facility of diagnosis. Barriers in use of treatment should be identified so all persons with AIDS can benefit from improved therapies.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to Ling Hsu, San Francisco Department of Public Health, 25 Van Ness Avenue, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94102 U.S.A.; e-mail: [email protected]
Manuscript received April 16, 2001; accepted August 20, 2001.
© 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.