Masquelier Bernard; Pellegrin, Isabelle; Ruffault, Annick; Ragnaud, Jean-Marie; Morlat, Philippe; Michelet, Christian; Doignon, François; Biteau, Nicolas; Fleury, Hervé J. A.Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes & Human Retrovirology: April 1995 Original Articles: PDF Only Free Abstract The existence of zidovudine (ZDV)-resistant and didanosine (ddl)-resistant human immunodeficiency-1 (HIV-1) variants mutated in the reverse transcriptase (RT) gene has been previously demonstrated. In this study, we tried to follow up the genotypic changes in the RT after the switch of therapy from ZDV to ddl. We studied HIV-1 isolates from 11 patients undergoing ddl therapy. Genotypic data were obtained with differential polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and with direct sequencing after PCR. The prevalence of ZDV resistance-related mutations showed a very slow decrease, particularly when patients had been treated with ZDV for a long time. The appearance of a mutation at codon 74 seemed to be independent of the presence or absence of ZDV resistance-related mutations. The broad genotypic heterogeneity of the isolates and the complexity of the evolution in one patient's isolates plead for large sequencing studies of the RT genome in new therapeutic approaches. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.