Cooper Mark H.; Maraninchi, Dominique; Gastaut, Jean A.; Mannoni, Patrice; Carcassonne, YvesJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: March 1993 CLINICAL SCIENCE: PDF Only Free Abstract Twelve HIV-positive patients who either underwent or seroconverted after hone marrow transplantation (BMT) at the University of Marseille between 1981 and 1985 were reviewed in order to observe their rates of development of AIDS. Two patients were HIV positive prior to transplantation, while ten seroconverted after transplantation. Six patients underwent autologous BMT and six underwent allogeneic BMT: all of their respective donors were seronegative. Eleven patients developed AIDS (929f), with a mean AIDS-free time (AFT) of 1 year 8 months after BMT. Seven of those subjects died, with a mean survival over a 5-year follow-up period of 2.14 years after BMT. Five autologous recipients had a mean AFT of 2 years 3 months, with the sixth patient being AIDS free. The mean AFT for the allogeneic recipients was I year 2 months (p = NS), all of whom developed AIDS. These data suggest that the development of AIDS was rapid from the time when our patients seroconverted. However, this was not initially accompanied by poor survival. In summary, BMT may be indicated for HIV-positive patients who required myeloablation, despite an enhanced development of AIDS. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.