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Most Johannes; Zangerle, Robert; Herold, Manfred; Fuchs, Dietmar; Wachter, Helmut; Fritsch, Peter; Dierich, Manfred P.
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: March 1993

The membrane-bound glycoprotein intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) plays an important role for many cell-contact-dependent immune functions. A soluble, circulating form of ICAM-1 (cICAM-1) has been detected in the serum of healthy persons and increased concentrations in tumor patients have been reported. We measured serum levels of cICAM-1 in HIV-1-infected individuals with a recently developed ELISA. In contrast to HIV-seronegative controls (median value of 294 ng/ml, range of 185–408 ng/ml; n = 22), significantly elevated concentrations were detected in 76 HIV-1-infected persons (median of 487 ng/ml, range of 231–1,524 ng/ml;p < 0.0001). In HIV-1-infected individuals, cICAM-1 values did not correlate with the absolute number of CD4+ T cells or with disease progression according to the Walter Reed staging classification. Concentrations of cICAM-1 correlated with the serum concentrations of IL-6 (p = 0.0015; Spearman's rank correlation analysis) and with urinary neopterin (p = 0.005), but not with the C-reactive protein. Since there is evidence that cICAM-1 can interfere with immunological functions, the high amounts circulating in HIV-1-positive individuals could contribute to the disturbance of the immune system in HIV-1 infection.

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