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Hosoi Susumu; Borsos, Tibor; Dunlop, Nancy; Nara, Peter L.
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: April 1990
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We studied inactivation of HIV-1 by fresh sera of animals. We found that while fresh sera of humans and chimpanzees (among others) did not have antiviral activity, fresh sera of several other mammals, especially those of rodents and felines, showed a dose-dependent viral-inactivating property against cell-free HIV-1; these sera were also capable of inactivating virus preadsorbed to cells, similar to neutralizing antibody. The activity was destroyed by heating to 56°C, required Ca2+ but no antiviral antibody, and therefore apparently involves the classical complement pathway. The activity could not be ascribed to any single fraction of sera separated on a size exclusion HPLC column. Mouse serum (the only one tested) also inactivated HIV-2. The data are consistent with classical C-mediated pathway inactivation of HIV-1 and HIV-2 by animal sera and is the first report of any acomplement-like antilentiviral serum factor. Elucidation of this mechanism may aid in understanding the lack of activity of human serum against HIV-1 and may prove useful in combined interventive strategies against HIV-1.

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