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Recognizing and treating Raynaud phenomenon

Thoelen, Kristen PA-C; Maiers, Kimberly PA-C; Bondi, Kristy-Ann PA-C; Covino, Jean DHSc, MPA, PA-C

Journal of the American Academy of PAs: November 2015 - Volume 28 - Issue 11 - p 40–44
doi: 10.1097/01.JAA.0000471610.61784.da
Review Article

ABSTRACT Raynaud phenomenon is an episodic ischemia caused by cold, emotional stimuli, or rheumatologic disorders, and is more common in women than men. This article describes the clinical presentation of Raynaud phenomenon and how to diagnose and appropriately treat patients and prevent complications. Research on the use of different pharmacologic interventions for Raynaud phenomenon is ongoing and treatment options are expanding.

Kristen Thoelen, Kimberly Maiers, and Kristy-Ann Bondi are graduates of the PA program at Pace University Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Jean Covino is an associate clinical professor at Pace University Lenox Hill Hospital. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

Copyright © 2015 American Academy of Physician Assistants
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