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POC ultrasound heart--video 1

Video Author: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Published on: 11.27.2018
Associated with: Journal of the American Academy of PAs. 31(12):45-50, December 2018

PLAX view of EPSS in a normal heart

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Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
PLAX view of EPSS in a normal heart
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
PLAX view of EPSS in a heart with reduced LV function
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
PLAX view of EPSS in a heart with severely reduced LV function
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
Small IVC with significant inspiratory collapse, indicating intravascular volume depletion
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
PLAX view of hyperdynamic LV systolic function. End-systolic obliteration of the LV cavity can be seen by the approximation of the LV walls.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
S4C view of the heart demonstrating a moderate sized pericardial effusion. Pericardial effusions are visualized as black, anechoic fluid collections between the visceral and parietal pericardium.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
PLAX view of the heart demonstrating a circumferential pericardial effusion. Additionally, LV systolic function appears qualitatively normal
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
PLAX view of the heart demonstrating a circumferential pericardial effusion. Additionally, LV systolic function appears qualitatively normal.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
A4C view of the heart demonstrating a moderate-size pericardial effusion. Hemodynamic compromise is noted with RV diastolic collapse. Findings are consistent with cardiac tamponade.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
S4C view of the heart demonstrating a moderate-size pericardial effusion. Hemodynamic compromise is noted with RV diastolic collapse. Findings are consistent with cardiac tamponade.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:08
Normal aerated alveoli appear as A lines at equidistant intervals below the pleural line.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:05
Lung sliding in a normal lung appears as shimmering or sliding of the pleural line during respiration
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:07
Pneumothorax is characterized by air accumulation between the visceral and parietal pleurae and an absence of lung sliding.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:06
B lines are hyperechoic, ray-like vertical lines emanating from the pleural line.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:07
Consolidation of the lung parenchyma develops hepatization, an echogenicity similar to the liver.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:06
The “shred sign” is another indication of lung consolidation.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:06
Pleural effusions typically appear as anechoic fluid collections between the visceral and parietal pleurae.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:05
Complex pleural effusions may have septations and loculations.
Creator: Frederick Fuller, PA-C, MPH&TH
Duration: 0:01
Anechoic fluid in the renal pelvis, sometimes called a “bear paw” sign, supports the finding of moderate hydronephrosis.
Creator: Frederick Fuller, PA-C, MPH&TH
Duration: 0:05
The vein directly to the left of the label will not fully compress, the hallmark of DVT. A lymph node is noted above and can be mistaken for a clot.



Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
PLAX view of EPSS in a normal heart
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
PLAX view of EPSS in a heart with reduced LV function
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
PLAX view of EPSS in a heart with severely reduced LV function
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:04
Small IVC with significant inspiratory collapse, indicating intravascular volume depletion
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:08
Normal aerated alveoli appear as A lines at equidistant intervals below the pleural line.
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:05
Lung sliding in a normal lung appears as shimmering or sliding of the pleural line during respiration
Creator: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
Duration: 0:07
Pneumothorax is characterized by air accumulation between the visceral and parietal pleurae and an absence of lung sliding.
Creator: Frederick Fuller, PA-C, MPH&TH
Duration: 0:01
Anechoic fluid in the renal pelvis, sometimes called a “bear paw” sign, supports the finding of moderate hydronephrosis.
Creator: Frederick Fuller, PA-C, MPH&TH
Duration: 0:06
Compressing this irregular mixed echogenic fluid collection with the ultrasound probe produces the swirl sign, which represents purulent material swirling under pressure. However, the exact nature of the fluid cannot be determined by ultrasound alone.