At the time this article was written, David Gelbart was a medical student at Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine and a PA in emergency medicine. He is now a resident physician in the University of Kentucky emergency medicine residency program. John Scott Donoughe is an orthopedic surgery resident at the Naval Medical Center San Diego in California and a previous Army PA. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
Dawn Colomb-Lippa, MHS, PA-C, department editor