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Common causes of congenital stridor in infants

Clark, Christine M., MD; Kugler, Kathryn, PA-C; Carr, Michele M., DDS, MD, MEd, PhD

Journal of the American Academy of PAs: November 2018 - Volume 31 - Issue 11 - p 36–40
doi: 10.1097/
Review Article

ABSTRACT Stridor is a high-pitched respiratory sound that signals upper airway obstruction. It can be encountered by clinicians in a variety of clinical settings and requires a team-based, interdisciplinary approach. Early recognition is crucial, as the differential diagnosis can be broad, and causes range from benign to life-threatening. This article reviews the most commonly encountered causes of chronic congenital stridor in infants, focusing on the diagnostic approach, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and management strategies.

At Penn State's Milton S. Hershey Medical Center in Hershey, Pa., Kathryn Kugler practices in the Division of Otolaryngology. Christine M. Clark is a medical resident at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Michele M. Carr is a professor in the Department of Otolaryngology at West Virginia University in Morgantown, W. Va. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

Copyright © 2018 American Academy of Physician Assistants
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