Case ReportExtracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a patient with acute respiratory distress syndromeBrown, Anson MSHS, PA-CAuthor Information Anson Brown practices in the surgical intensive care unit/cardiovascular recovery unit at Medstar Washington Hospital Center in Washington, DC. The author has indicated no relationships to disclose relating to the content of this article. Journal of the American Academy of PAs: January 2014 - Volume 27 - Issue 1 - p 1-3 doi: 10.1097/01.JAA.0000438543.18828.f0 Buy Metrics Abstract ABSTRACT Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be a lifesaving intervention in patients with severe respiratory failure and in patients with medically refractory cardiac failure post-cardiac surgery. ECMO uses a venous cannula to drain blood into a circuit where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged; blood is returned to the patient bypassing the pulmonary system (venovenous ECMO) or via an arterial cannula to bypass the lungs and heart (venoarterial ECMO). © 2014 American Academy of Physician Assistants.