Some say tramadol is no more addicting than NSAIDs, but in these examples, the reliance on tramadol is real. These cases offer guidance on recognizing and treating similar patients.
James D. Stoehr is a professor in the PA Program at Midwestern University, Glendale, Arizona. Alison Essary is an associate professor in the same program. Chrissi Ou is a fourth-year medical student at Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine, Midwestern University. Rob Ashby specializes in addiction medicine and pain management in Scottsdale, Arizona. Michel Sucher is an addiction medicine specialist and president of Greenberg and Sucher, LLC, in Scottsdale. The authors have indicated no relationships to disclose relating to the content of this article.