It is undetermined whether patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) have increased prevalence of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) since many VCFs are asymptomatic and radiographs may overlook them. We compared the prevalence of VCFs in patients older than 60 years with and without IBDs.
We studied 55 patients with IBDs and 165 controls who underwent CT scans for nonspinal conditions. We evaluated the presence of VCFs, fracture severity using the Genant score, and we determined whether age, sex, diagnosis of IBD, treatment, and time since diagnosis were associated with VCFs. Using logistic regression analysis, we assessed the independent effect of each variable.
Mean age was 72.7 years; 165 patients (75%) were women. Thirty-five patients (16%) had at least one VCF (16.4% IBD; 15.8% controls, P
= 0.92); both groups exhibited similar fracture severity. Patients with VCFs were older than patients without VCFs (79.8 versus 70.2, P
< 0.01 IBD; 76.4 versus 72.4, P
= 0.02 controls). No other clinical variables were different in patients with and without VCFs in either cohort. Only age was independently associated with VCFs in both cohorts.
VCFs were not more frequent or severe in patients older than 60 years with IBD presented than in age-matched controls.