There is rapidly growing interest in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) of the foot and ankle. Technological advances, specifically with the advent of low-speed high-torque burrs, have enabled the expansion of MIS techniques. Accordingly, there is growing literature reporting excellent outcomes of MIS surgery to address many different pathologies of the foot and ankle. MIS techniques are particularly useful for conducting percutaneous osteotomies and bony débridement. These can be used to address bunion deformity, hammertoes, metatarsalgia, bunionette deformity, bone spurs, and hindfoot deformity. A detailed understanding of the technology, equipment, and techniques is crucial to safely conduct MIS of the foot and ankle. When done safely, MIS provides favorable outcomes with an expedited recovery and limited complications.