From the Loyola University Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation, Maywood, IL (Burnham and Brown), the University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ (Kiernan), the Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine, Spartanburg, SC (Ortega), the Loyola University Chicago, Center for Translational Research, Maywood, IL (Wesolowski), the Northshore University HealthSystem, Skokie, IL (Tauchen), the OrthoArizona, Scottsdale, AZ (Russo), and the Carolina Orthopaedic & Neurosurgical Associates, Spartanburg, SC (Gerscovich).
Correspondence to Dr. Burnham: [email protected]
None of the following authors or any immediate family member has received anything of value from or has stock or stock options held in a commercial company or institution related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article: Burnham, Kiernan, Ortega, Wesolowski, Tauchen, Russo, Gerscovich, and Brown.
Burnham, Kiernan, and Ortega acquired and interpreted the data and were major contributors in writing the article. Wesolowski statistically analyzed and interpreted the data and was a major contributor in writing the article. Brown conceived and designed the study, interpreted the data, and was a major contributor in writing the article. All authors read and approved the final article.
This study has been IRB-approved by our institution, assigned a status of “exempt,” reference number 2115598.
The data sets generated and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.