Review: Review ArticleThe Mental Side of the Injured AthleteDaley, Mary M. MD; Griffith, Kelsey MS; Milewski, Matthew D. MD; Christino, Melissa A. MDAuthor Information From the Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA (Daley), and the Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA (Griffith, Milewski, and Christino). None of the following authors or any immediate family member has received anything of value from or has stock or stock options held in a commercial company or institution related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article: Daley, Griffith, Milewski, and Christino. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citation appears in the printed text and is provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.jaaos.org). Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: June 15, 2021 - Volume 29 - Issue 12 - p 499-506 doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-20-00974 SDC Metrics Abstract The psychosocial benefits of participating in sports have long been appreciated. However, athletes are often faced with circumstances that make them susceptible to psychological challenges unique to the athletic population. One such circumstance is injury in sport, which can be a source of notable distress and may precipitate the emergence of new or exacerbation of underlying psychological disorders. In athletes who are injured, particularly those undergoing surgical intervention, psychological factors play a substantial role in the recovery process. A more comprehensive understanding of the complex interplay between psychological and physical health in the setting of an injury is essential to optimize patient care. The aim of this review was to highlight the impact of psychological factors on measurable outcomes after orthopaedic surgical interventions and to explore interventions that can be implemented to improve surgical outcomes and the overall care of injured athletes. Copyright 2021 by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.